Warning Signs of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a life threatening form of cancer and if not treated at an early stage can lead to death of the patient. More than often, the symptoms of this disease are confused with regular PMS or pain during ovulation. It also cannot be easily diagnosed as it does not show many symptoms until the patient is in its advanced stage. However, there are definitely some warning signs of cervical cancer which should be noted and referred to the doctors.
What causes cervical cancer?
Though there are no specific causes of this disease, there can be a few factors which can lead to higher probability of contracting it. The most common factor is human papillomavirus (HPV) which causes the infection of the cervix. This is a collection of over 100 different types of HPV – 15 types viruses and it is passed on commonly through sexual intercourse.
These viruses are quite common and HPV infection can happen to anybody but the viruses are removed from the body due to the strong immune system of the body. But in some cases, these viruses lead to the mutation of the cells or very fast division of abnormal cells found in the cervix and this is what causes cervical cancer. These abnormal or mutated cells continue dividing and do not die leading to formation of tumor in the cervix.
Apart from low immunity, there can be many other causes of this disease like:
Having sexual intercourse at a very early age
Having more than one sexual partner
Vices like smoking
Irregular Pap tests
Having many children
Usage birth control bills over a long period of time
Women with different sexual transmitted diseases (STD) like syphilis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea are also at risk of getting this form of cancer.
What are the warning signs of cervical cancer?
Commonly the signs of cervical cancer start appearing only when the patient is at her advanced stage. Then it is usually too late to treat. Therefore, it is important to identify these signs as soon as possible. Some of the common signs of this cancer are:
Abnormal vaginal bleeding seen after a sexual activity, even after menopause, between periods can be an alarming sign. You should immediately visit the doctor. At times it is can also be due to discharges coupled with bleeding along with a foul smell.
Another common sign is acute pelvic pain which persists for long durations. It can be for hours and can be a mild continuous pain or severe pain.
It is important to visit the doctor if there is pain experienced during urination. This is a common symptom seen in advanced cervical cancer when the cancer has reached the bladder.
Cervical cancer can be cured if treated at early stages. Once at advanced stages, it can be life threatening. Therefore, when the signs of cervical cancer start appearing, it is important to seek the help of a qualified doctor and go in for a complete check-up. The prognosis can be easier if appropriate steps are taken at the earliest.